Restore Missing Teeth
Removable Partial Dentures
Removable partial dentures usually consist of replacement teeth attached to gum-coloured plastic bases. A partial denture may have a metal framework and clasps that connect to your natural teeth, or they can have other connectors that are more natural looking.
In some cases, a removable partial denture is made to attach to your natural teeth with devices called precision attachments. Precision attachments are generally more esthetic than clasps.
Depending on your needs, your dentist will design a partial denture for you.
Crowns on your natural teeth are sometimes needed to improve the fit of a removable partial denture and they are usually required with attachments.
Partial dentures with precision attachments generally cost more than those with clasps. Consult with your dentist to find out which type is right for you.
- Give yourself time to adapt to your new denture. It may feel awkward or bulky in the beginning. This is normal, and you will eventually become accustomed to wearing it.
- Make sure you come for your review appointment even though you may think that the denture fits well. The dentist will check with special pastes to make sure that pressure is even throughout.
- Do not wear your dentures at night. Make sure you clean your dentures as instructed and soak in a container of water.
- If the denture puts too much pressure on a particular area, that spot will become sore. Your dentist will adjust the partial denture to fit more comfortably.
- Start with eating soft foods that are cut into small pieces. Chew on both sides of the mouth to keep even pressure on both sides. Avoid foods that are extremely sticky or hard. Avoid chewing gum during the adjustment period.
- Partial denture can also help improve your speech. You may have difficulty at first. Practice reading out loud. Repeat the words that give you trouble. Your mouth, tongue, cheek all have to get use to the “invasion of space available” by the new denture.
- Your dentist can recommend a denture cleaner. Follow the instructions.
- Clean the denture over a folded towel or a sink of water in case you drop the denture.
- Do not use toothpaste, it is too harsh, use hand soap or mild dishwashing liquid
- Brush the denture each day to remove food deposits and plaque. The helps the denture from becoming permanently stained.
- It's best to use a brush that is designed for cleaning dentures because it has bristles that are arranged to fit the shape of the denture. A regular toothbrush is also acceptable.
- At night, the denture should be placed in soaking solution or water. A denture could lose its proper shape if it is not kept moist.
- Always thoroughly rinse the denture before placing it in your mouth.
Over time, adjusting the denture may be necessary. As you age, your mouth naturally changes, which can affect the fit of the denture. Your bone and gum ridges can recede or shrink, resulting in a poorly fitting denture.
Dentures that do not fit properly should be adjusted by your dentist. Poorly fitting dentures can cause various problems, including sores or infections. See your dentist promptly if your denture becomes loose, and maintain your regular visits, too.
Removable Full Dentures
When you have lost ALL your natural teeth, full dentures can help you eat, speak and look better. Dentures can help fill out the appearance of your face and profile. They can be made to closely resemble your natural teeth so that your appearance does not change much.
Types of dentures:
Bridges are like crowns, except they are used to replace a series of missing teeth. Generally composed of porcelain or porcelain fused to gold, bridges are made to “bridge the gap” created by missing teeth.
Types of bridges:
Like crowns, bridges can restore natural beauty and function to your smile.
An implant bridge attaches artificial teeth directly to the jaw or under the gum tissue. Depending on which type of bridge your dentist recommends, its success depends on the foundation. So it’s very important to keep your remaining teeth healthy and strong.
Dental Implants are artificial tooth root replacements and are used to support permanent, fixed prostheses that resemble a tooth or group of teeth.
A thorough examination of your dental status is necessary before treatment options are presented to you.
An implant with a crown is the closest thing to a natural tooth. Made from titanium cylinders implanted directly into the jawbone, they replace the root of the tooth that was removed. The implant forms the anchor for a crown or bridge, which is attached after the implant is fully integrated with the bone.
One of the benefits of implant crowns is that the procedure does not sacrifice the health of the adjacent teeth. And because an implant replaces a tooth’s root, it also helps keep the surrounding bone from wasting away, which naturally starts to happen when a tooth is lost.
Implant crowns are not subject to decay or discoloration, and they look and function just like natural teeth
Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that is required when patients do not have enough bone to support a dental implant. Because a dental implant is screwed directly into the jawbone, sufficient bone volume is imperative. This procedure can literally “build” the bone — increasing height and thickness — to provide better anchorage for the implant.
Bone grafts may either simultaneously accompany or may be performed six months prior to your implant placement surgery. The exact sequencing of treatment varies depending on circumstances specific to your case.Where does the bone come from? Tissues are sometimes harvested from other areas of your mouth. Human, animal or synthetic materials may also be obtained from a tissue bank. These graft materials are sterile, non-living, acellular and without antigenic properties, thereby eliminating risks of disease transfer or graft-versus-host rejection.
The human skull contains several air spaces called sinuses, which are connected to our nasal passages. They have no particular function, but it is theorized that they evolved as a means to make the head lighter and more easily supported by the neck. The maxillary sinus is located in the upper jaw directly above the molar and bicuspid teeth. It is sometimes enlarged, creating thin bone, which would not provide good support for a dental implant.
A sinus lift (or sinus elevation) is a bone-grafting procedure that builds bone volume below the maxillary sinus. Patients with inadequate bone structure in their upper posterior jaw will sometimes require this procedure before a dental implant can be placed.Sinus lifts are safe and effective, and this procedure is performed them routinely on patients as part of total implant and reconstructive plans.
Implant supported dentures (also called overdentures) are another option for patients who are missing multiple teeth. They are secured by two or more implants and are very different from the traditional dentures your parents or grandparents may have worn, which required adhesives to keep them in place.Overdentures are full or partial dentures that are designed to attach to dental implants, so they can be snapped in for a secure fit and snapped out for easy cleaning and care. Benefits not found in traditional dentures include improved support, stability, retention and tactile sensation, as well as less bone loss when compared to conventional dentures. Your chewing strength can even increase by up to 300 percent.